The 68th UN General Assembly declared 2016 the International Year of Pulses (IYP) (A/RES/68/231)The Global Pulse Confederation and its IYP 2016 partners have identified a series of thematic areas that will be the focus for activities during the 2016 International Year of Pulses. These areas represent the key issues where new and increased efforts could help make a difference in promoting sustainable agriculture and livelihoods, as well as healthy diets, through increased production, trade and consumption of pulses.
The four key thematic areas are
IYP 2016 is an opportunity to increase awareness and global demand for pulses. We aim to reach an audience of 20-40 million people worldwide using social media, websites and global media outreach.
IYP 2016 has set the ambitious targets of helping initiate:
IYP 2016 is an excellent opportunity to open a dialogue on improving the regulatory framework in which trade occurs. We hope to reduce trade barrier costs that are borne by farmers, processors, traders and consumers while introducing greater efficiencies to enhance food security, reduce price volatility and enhance the return to growers.
IYP 2016 is a perfect chance to draw the focus of the scientific community. By the end of 2016, we will deliver a 10-year plan for USD 100 million in increased public and private research investment to sustainably close yield gaps for pulse crops around the world.
What are Pulses and why are they important?
Pulses, also known as grain legumes, are a group of 12 crops that includes dry beans, dry peas, chickpeas, and lentils. They are high in protein, fibre, and various vitamins, provide amino acids, and are hearty crops. They are most popular in developing countries, but are increasingly becoming recognized as an excellent part of a healthy diet throughout the world.
Pulse crops are one of the most sustainable crops a farmer can grow. It takes just 43 gallons of water to produce one pound of pulses, compared with 216 for soybeans and 368 for peanuts. They also contribute to soil quality by fixing nitrogen in the soil.
Though pulses are a very popular crop in the developing world, there is a massive gap in productivity between pulse crops inside and outside the developing world. With the introduction of improved varieties and promotion of better management techniques, pulse crops can continue to be an excellent choice for farmers in the developing world.
Up to 25% of pulses are used as feedstuff, particularly for pigs and poultry. As a steady source of nutrition, feed for animals, and soil sustainability, pulse crops play a major role in food security, a role which will only grow in the future.
For more information visit http://iyp2016.org